The Risks Of Gallbladder Removal Surgery

March 11, 2014

The gallbladder is a small storage organ positioned underside the liver that releases bile for the digestion of food. There are more than 12 million people who have undergone gallbladder removal surgery every year, according to medical journals. Depending on the situation, the requirement for gallbladder removal surgery may be important but not always necessary. Some may sooner or later develop and experience symptoms or some may just go on with their lives without experiencing symptoms of gallstones. Unfortunately for some people, they may experience discomfort that gets worse when they are under stress or when they eat the wrong foods. A surgery may be necessary to remove the gallstones.

The surgery aims to remove the gallstones and inhibit potential development of gallbladder cancer. Despite being essentially fast and safe procedure, gallbladder removal surgery has a small risk of complications.


  • Infection. Infection can occur in about one in 15 gallbladder removal surgery (cholecystectomies). The use of antibiotics can treat infection in patients.
  • Leak of bile from the bile duct. The incidence of bile leakage occurs in one in 100 cases. When the gallbladder is removed, special clips are used to seal the tube that connects the gallbladder to the main bile duct, draining the liver.
  • Bleeding. Bleeding occurs in two percent of cases. There is an increased risk for bleeding in patients taking anti-clotting drugs, and those who have cholangitis.
  • Acute cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder). This condition occurs when the stone gets stuck in the outlet of the gallbladder and does not release. This may cause inflammation and debilitating pain due to the chemical reaction of the bile which literally digest the gallbladder. Furthermore, gangrene of the gallbladder may result due to the infection caused by bacteria occurring in the gallbladder.


Robot-assisted surgery is now the most popular laparascopic procedure and treatment for gallbladder stones and cancer, offering lesser complications and faster recovery after prostatectomy. Intuitive Surgical representatives will attend a school event in New York wherein students will have the chance to sit behind the robotic console and view the robotic surgical procedure.






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