What Is Stomach Flu

March 8, 2014

Stomach Flu

Gastroenteritis is an infection of the digestive system and bowel. The most frequent signs or symptoms are throwing up and recurring instances of diarrhoea (three or more episodes within 24 hours).  

The causes and remedy for gastroenteritis may differ between children and adults. In this article, we are going over stomach flu in adults.  

What causes stomach flu in adults?  

Essentially the most typical reasons for stomach flu in adults are the norovirus and food poisoning. The virus disrupts one of the main functions of the digestive tract – the absorption of water from the items in your intestines into the body. This is the reason the most common symptom of stomach flu  is watery diarrhoea and why dehydration is certainly a common complication  

How stomach flu spread 

Most forms of gastroenteritis are remarkably transmittable. The condition is mainly spread when bacteria found in faeces are moved to the mouth area.  

Bacteria can be transferred throughout poor hygiene. As an example, if a person doesn’t wash their hands after going to the toilet, any viruses or germs on their hands will be transferred to anything they contact, like a glass, kitchen utensil or food.  

If you contact the contaminated object and then touch your skin, or if you eat contaminated food, you might become infected by the virus or bacteria. After infected, you will have the symptoms of stomach flu, such as throwing up and diarrhoea.  

Dealing with gastroenteritis

A lot of people with stomach flu  only have minor symptoms and the infection passes after a few days without the need for treatment.

However, you might need treatment in hospital if your symptoms are extreme, or if you are susceptible because of your age or another condition. It is because diarrhoea can easily lead to dehydration which, if extreme, could be deadly.

The hazards of dehydration mean that it is very important to restore fluids which are lost via vomiting and diarrhoea. You need to consume at least 2 litres of water daily, plus 200ml of water following every episode of diarrhoea.  

In extreme cases of stomach flu, antidiarrhoeal medication or anti-emetics (anti-sickness medication) could be prescribed by doctors.  

Preventing stomach flu

As stomach flu  is incredibly infectious, you must take steps to stop it from spreading to other people. These include:

·         washing both hands meticulously after going to the restroom and just before eating or cooking

·         cleaning the bathroom, including the handle and the seat, with disinfectant after each bout of throwing up or diarrhea

·         not sharing bathroom towels, flannels, utensils or items with other individuals in your home

·         not going back to work until Two days after your last bout of vomiting or diarrhea.

About Author: Judy Kagen is health blogger writing about common cold and flu symptoms.  For more info, please visit http://dailyhealthnet.wordpress.com

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